Estimates of the EU's greenhouse gas emission budgets for the rest of the century vary considerably but have one thing in common: The EU's emission budget is very small and shrinking rapidly.

This study focuses on the direct monetary and other effects of growing GM crops that influence farmers‘ income, as represented by the following economic parameters: crop yields, seed costs, pesticides and herbicides costs, labour costs, and gross margins.

This policy brief summarizes the current state of international climate negotiations relating to technology transfer and draws on an assessment of pertinent research to develop recommendations for participants at the upcoming climate negotiations in Copenhagen. Proposals geared towards the establishment of a new body responsible for technology in a