Although Japan and India have long considered the possibility of establishing the JCM as has been stipulated in joint statements between these two countries, an official bilateral document to start the JCM has not yet been signed.
In Asia and the Pacific, 38 developing member countries (DMCs) of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) have committed to take mitigation actions through nationally determined contributions (NDCs) under the Paris
Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) affect the transfer of technologies between countries in the form of foreign direct investment and trade in equipment goods. The impact of IPRs is a contentious issue for climate change mitigation. Opponents to IPRs claim that they are a barrier for technology transfer.
The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has released the Handbook on Intellectual Property Rights & Technology Transfer which will help increase awareness among ICMR scientists to help them protect all new knowledge before publication.