While South Africa is recognised as a strong voice in climate change negotiations, it is certainly not the most powerful country. As such, South Africa has had a difficult balancing act to play in protecting its interests.

This work programme outlines the objectives and strategic approach of the High-Level Champions and the Marrakech Partnership for Global Climate Action for 2020–2021.

Aiming to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change, Parties adopted the Paris Agreement in 2015, and through it established an enhanced transparency framework (ETF). Countries are now actively engaged in establishing the necessary arrangements to implement the ETF.

This report concerns the stocktaking meeting on the work of the Least Developed Countries Expert Group (LEG) held in Antananarivo from 10 to 12 February 2020. It contains a summary of achievements, good practices and lessons learned from the work of the LEG in 2016–2020 as identified at the meeting.

The Conference of the Parties, at its 18th meeting (CoP18, Geneva, 2019), adopted Decisions 18.33 to 18.37 on Livelihoods.

In 2019, the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA) requested the Adaptation Committee (AC) “to consider approaches to reviewing the overall progress made in achieving the global goal on adaptation and to reflect the outcome of this consideration in its 2021 annual report.” This technical pap

India’s proposal to include Great Indian Bustard, Asian Elephant and Bengal Florican in Appendix I of UN Convention on migratory species was unanimously accepted today at the ongoing thirteenth Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) in Gandhinagar.

The Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN), the implementation arm of the UNFCCC’s Technology Mechanism, has been matching the technology needs of developing countries with world-class solutions since 2013.

The proposed zero draft of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework was prepared with due account being taken of the Working Group’s consideration of the possible elements of thepost-2020 global biodiversity framework from its first meeting.

PAN International list of highly hazardous pesticides. The number of active ingredients on the PAN HHP List changes over time. The reasons for changes are mainly changes in classifications made by organisations referred to in this list such as WHO, EU, EPA or IARC.