This study considers some aspects of the recent droughts in the Mekong region and tries to discover what could be the reasons behind them and how best they could be mitigated. The study has yielded valuable information about how communities perceive drought and climate change, and how local governments and NGOs could manage climatic disasters, particularly drought. It concludes that the drought impacts are in a real sense a reflection of developmental problems, and it provides policy options that could be implemented by communities, governments, and NGOs.