Maritime transport is the backbone of international trade and the global economy. Around 80 per cent of global trade by volume and over 70 per cent of global trade by value are carried by sea and are handled by ports worldwide. These shares are even higher in the case of most developing countries.

A new UNCTAD Policy Brief addresses the relationship between trade and climate change policy as it enters a new phase in 2015, with significant changes in the policy landscape emerging from the adoption by the United Nations of a universal post-2015 development agenda, sustainable development goals and a climate change agreement.

Many economists and policymakers advocate a fundamental shift towards “green growth” as the new, qualitatively-different growth paradigm, largely based on enhanced material/resource/energy efficiency, structural changes towards a service-dominated economy and a switch in the energy mix favouring renewable forms of energy.

The II BioTrade Congress entitled “Biodiversity and Climate Change: Integrating REDD+ into BioTrade Strategies” focused on how best to integrate climate change mitigation measures into BioTrade activities. In particular, the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) introduced targeted measures such as Reducing Emissions from

Regulatory and policy shortcomings stifle Africa’s capacity to capitalize on the potential of its services sector, the UNCTAD Economic Development in Africa Report 2015 argues.

This year’s World Investment Report, the 25th in the series, aims to inform global debates on the future of the international policy environment for cross-border investment.

The Least Developed Countries Report 2014 examines the linkages between structural transformation, economic growth and human development. It argues that LDCs cannot, and should not, focus only on aggregate growth; they also need to pay attention to the type of growth pattern and its main drivers.

​Reflecting stumbling growth in the world economy, world seaborne shipments grew by an average of just 3.8 per cent in 2013, taking total volumes to nearly 9.6 billion tons, UNCTAD's Review of Maritime Transport 2014 reports.

Particularly after the sharp rise in oil prices in 2008, but throughout the 2000s, there was an unprecedented increase in public and private interest in diversifying energy sources.

This publication has been developed as a handbook aimed at better understanding the intellectual property implications of the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity and the 2010 Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits arising from their Utilization.

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