Fumes from diesel engines cause lung cancer, the World Health Organisation (WHO) has said.

Diesel fumes cause lung cancer, the World Health Organisation declared Tuesday, and experts said they were more carcinogenic than secondhand cigarette smoke.

The WHO decision, the first to elevate diesel to the “known carcinogen” level, may eventually affect some American workers who are heavily exposed to exhaust. It is particularly relevant to poor countries, where trucks, generators, and farm and factory machinery routinely belch clouds of sooty smoke and fill the air with sulfurous particulates.

Exhaust fumes from diesel engines do cause cancer, a panel of experts working for the World Health Organization says.

Worldwide cases of cancer are likely to rise by nearly 75 percent by 2030, driven by demographic and lifestyle factors, according to a study published on Friday in the journal The Lancet Oncology.

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: Tobacco is being used in a wide variety of ways in India, either as smokeless tobacco as chewing pan, pan masala or gutka, and ‘mishri’ (a powdered tobacco rubbed on the gums a

Night pollution a major contributor.

The alkaline single cell gel electrophoresis (comet assay) was applied to study the genotoxic properties of silica in human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL). The study was designed to evaluate the DNA damage of lymphocytes and the end points like micronuclei from buccal smears in a group of 45 workers, occupationally exposed to silica, from small mines and stone quarries. The results were compared to 20 sex and age matched normal individuals. There was a statistically significant difference in the damage levels between the exposed group and the control groups.

Cancer has resulted in about six lakh deaths in India in 2010.

In a study released by the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, heavy diesel exhaust (DE) exposure might increase mortality rates from lung cancer.

There's new evidence that exposure to exhaust from diesel engines increases the risk of lung cancer.