Access to modern energy is vital for sustainable development. In rural areas, decentralized energy solutions may play a significant role in reducing poverty, supporting community institutions and facilitating the generation of basic services such as communication, water access, education and health services.

Two of every three families in villages used firewood for cooking during July, 2011 to June, 2012 period whereas in cities, only 14 per cent families were dependent on it, says a government report.

The issue of energy access for the poor is gaining momentum globally. This collection of papers by early-career researchers draws on in-depth field research in Latin America, Asia and Africa to explore the challenges of delivering access to modern energy services.

Despite the potential of improved cookstoves to reduce the adverse environmental and health impacts of solid fuel use, their adoption and use remains low. Social marketing—with its focus on the marketing mix of promotion, product, price, and place—offers a useful way to understand household behaviors and design campaigns to change biomass fuel use. We report on a series of pilots across 3 Indian states that use different combinations of the marketing mix. We find sales varying from 0% to 60%.

Presentation by Satish B Agnihotri at the Anil Agarwal Dialogue 2015: Poor in climate change, India Habitat Centre, New Delhi, March 11 – 12, 2015.

Community managed micro/mini hydro power projects with effective support and partnership with public and private sector has the potential to sustainably address the unmet demand of energy in rural areas of Uttarakhand.

Question raised in Rajya Sabha on micro grids under green energy system, 08/12/2014.

This document consists of Guidelines, to lay the grounds towards the preparation of a Model Comprehensive Renewable Energy (RE) Policy in Indian states. The Guidelines provide an overall policy framework to support State Government and other agencies to formulate long-term and comprehensive State Renewable Energy Policy.

India has led the developing world in addressing rural energy problems. By late 2012, the national electricity grid had reached 92 percent of India's rural villages, about 880 million people.

The Alliance for Rural Electrification (ARE) and the Africa-EU Energy Partnership (AEEP) have launched a publication showcasing successful examples of access to sustainable energy and services in Africa.