The effects of climate change is starting to be experienced in Tanzania following the decrease of monthly total rainfall between 2012-2016 when compared with monthly long term mean rainfall during 1981-2010.

The objective of this research is to generate new evidence on financial implications of medicines out-of-pocket (OOP) payments for households. Another objective is to investigate which disease conditions contributed to a significant proportion of households’ financial burden.

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The central government’s flagship programme to provide free liquefied petroleum gas connections has been in operation for two years, providing more than 3.5 crore free LPG connections to poor women. This much-needed scheme is a major step to reduce indoor air pollution, drudgery faced by women, and one that promises to extend LPG access. However, little is known about the progress of the scheme. Has it led to sustained use of clean fuels among poor households?

The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India, has come out with a publication, "Children in India 2018 - A Statistical Appraisal", to provide suitable statistics for informed deision making. The publication presents and analyses statistics pertaining to the condition of children on broad indicators such as child survival, child development, and child protection covering demographic particulars such as status of child nutrition, health and education, children at work, and in situations of crime.

Hydraulic fracturing, also known as “fracking”, the divisive method of extracting natural gas from shale formations, should be approached with caution by countries seeking ways to increase access to energy, says a new UNCTAD report on shale gas.

Preliminary 2017 figures suggest a slight decrease in the number of road deaths. Fewer traffic fatalities than in 2016 were recorded in 20 of 29 countries of the International Road Traffic Data and Analysis Group (IRTAD*) for which 2017 fatality data are available.

A key component of achieving universal health coverage is ensuring that all populations have access to quality health care. Examining where gains have occurred or progress has faltered across and within countries is crucial to guiding decisions and strategies for future improvement. We used the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016) to assess personal health-care access and quality with the Healthcare Access and Quality (HAQ) Index for 195 countries and territories, as well as subnational locations in seven countries, from 1990 to 2016.

Energy prices are a significant part of our domestic expenditures, play an important role for industrial competitiveness and influence energy consumption patterns. End-use prices -paid by final consumers- are affected by movements in commodity markets as well as policy decisions.

Freshwater availability is changing worldwide. Here we quantify 34 trends in terrestrial water storage observed by the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellites during 2002–2016 and categorize their drivers as natural interannual variability, unsustainable groundwater consumption, climate change or combinations thereof. Several of these trends had been lacking thorough investigation and attribution, including massive changes in northwestern China and the Okavango Delta. Others are consistent with climate model predictions.

The African Statistical Yearbook (ASYB) 2018 is the tenth edition jointly produced by the African Development Bank (AfDB), the African Union Commission (AUC) and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA). It is a result of the fruitful collaboration that exists among the three pan-African organizations within the field of statistics.

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