Question raised in Lok Sabha on Sewage Treatment Plants, 16/03/2018. Discharge of untreated sewage from cities and towns is a major source of pollution of rivers. As per a report published by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) in March, 2015, sewage generation from urban areas in the country is estimated at 61,948 million litres per day (mld), against which the available sewage treatment capacity is only 23,277 mld (37% of the sewage generation). The State-wise details of sewage generation from urban areas and corresponding sewage treatment capacity available are at Annexure.

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Pollution in Major Rivers, 16/03/2018. Rivers in the country are mainly polluted due to discharge of untreated and partially treated sewage from cities/towns and industrial effluents. Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has informed that there are a total number of 2892 Grossly Polluting Industries (GPIs) discharging effluent into water bodies, including rivers, across the country. These industries are required to meet the prescribed effluent quality norms before discharging their treated effluent into rivers & other water bodies.

Among the 31 districts of Telangana, 26 have literacy rates below the State average of 66.54 percent. According to the ‘Telangana Socio-Economic Outlook 2018’ report released by the government, Hyderabad tops in literacy rate with 83.2 per cent, while Jogulamba Gadwal district stands at the bottom with 49.9 per cent literacy.

Question raised in Rajya Sabha on Supply of piped water to all households, 12/03/2018. The State-wise number of rural households which have been provided piped water till date is at Annexure.

Kerala, the land of rich biodiversity, is a treasure of land races of many crops. The speciality rice varieties of Kerala include Pokkali (organic rice), Jeerakasala and Gandhakasala (scented rice varieties), Black Njavara and Golden Njavara (medicinal rice varieties). A study on the nutraceutical properties of these speciality rice varieties was made to understand their health benefits.

There has been little investigation into whether the “social gradient to health”—whereby people belonging to groups higher up the social ladder have better health outcomes than those belonging to groups further down—exists in developing countries like India. The relative strengths of economic and social status in determining the health status of persons in India is evaluated using the National Sample Survey Office data set for 2004 and 2014. This is evaluated with respect to two health outcomes: the age at death and the self-assessed health status of elderly persons.

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Waste Water Treatment Plants, 09/03/2018. As per a report published by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) in March, 2015, the sewage generation from urban areas in the country is estimated at 61,948 million litres per day (mld), against which the available sewage treatment capacity is only 23,277 mld (37% of the sewage generation) in 816 sewage treatment plants (including 145 sewage

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Population of Tigers, 09/03/2018. As per the assessment of Status of Tigers, Co-predators and Prey, 2014 using the refined / state-of-the art methodology, the tiger number has shown a 30% increase countrywide with an estimated number of 2226 (range 1945-2491) as compared to the 2010 estimation of 1706 (range 1520-1909 tigers). The country level tiger estimation using the refined / state-of-the art methodology is done once in four years.

Question raised in Lok Sabha on National Adaptation Fund on Climate Change, 09/03/2018. The National Adaptation Fund on Climate Change is meant to meet cost of adaptation measures of States/ Union Territories. So far, 26 projects have been approved at a total cost of Rs. 648.90 crore out of which Rs. 315.30 crore has been released covering the sectors of water, agriculture and animal husbandry and forestry. The details of grant approved and released, during last two years and current financial years, to State/ Union Territories, including Madhya Pradesh are at Annexure-I.

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Death of Wild Animals, 09/03/2018. Government of India provides financial assistance to all State/Union territory Governments under the various Centrally Sponsored Schemes for conservation and management of wildlife in the country. Details of funds released under these schemes viz. ‘Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats’, ‘Project Tiger’ and ‘Project Elephant’ during the last three years is at Annexure-1a, 1b and 1c.

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