Does unilateral climate change policy cause companies to shift the location of production, thereby creating carbon leakage? In this paper, the authors analyse the effect of the European Union Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) on the geographical distribution of carbon emissions of multinational companies.

Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) affect the transfer of technologies between countries in the form of foreign direct investment and trade in equipment goods. The impact of IPRs is a contentious issue for climate change mitigation. Opponents to IPRs claim that they are a barrier for technology transfer.

Countries should set targets to increase public investment in low-carbon research and development (R&D) slowly and steadily beyond 2020, according to a report published by the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment at London School of Economics and Political Science.

This paper identifies over 50 000 patents filed worldwide in various water-related technologies between 1990 and 2010, distinguishing between those related to availability (supply) and conservation (demand) technologies.

Can directed technical change be used to combat climate change? This paper construct new firm-level panel data on auto industry innovation distinguishing between “dirty” and “clean” (e.g. electric and hybrid) patents across 80 countries over several decades.

This report examines the impact of environmental regulation within countries as well as regulatory distance between countries on international technology transfer.