The main purpose of the study was to determine the contributing variables to the role performance of char women in maintaining sustainable livelihoods. The study was carried out in two upazila (administrative units) under Jamalpur district in Bangladesh from November 2006 to March 2007.

The livelihood options of landless households of far western Nepal are wage labor, farming and seasonal migration to India. Food sufficiency is barely enough for 0-3 months a year for most. When food is scarce, they cope by borrowing money, buying food, occasional wager labor as domestic servants, less popular and cheaper or wild food, skipping meals and eating less. These options are embedded with social relation in terms of class, caste and gender and social institutions.

Organic farming is gaining wide attention among farmers, entrepreneurs, policy makers and agricultural scientists because it minimizes dependence on chemical inputs like fetilizers, pesticides and other agro-chemicals and safeguards and improves the quality of resources and the environment.

To preserve the natural heritage of Konkan region and to develop the socio-economic status, strategic scientific planning of agro-tourism as a form of rural tourism is a need of hour. Therefore the focus should be on infrastructure development schemes coupled with anti-poverty fund schemes for increasing income and employment opportunities.

Clean drinking water and proper sanitation facilities are indispensable for a healthy life. Sanitation coverage in rural India has been growing at an impressive rate since 2001, thanks mainly to efforts made under the Total Sanitation Campaign. To add vigour to the campaign, an incentive scheme Nirmal Gram Puraskar was launched by the Government of India in 2003.

Rajasthan has 108.53 lakhs of cattle and 104.46 lakhs buffaloes, out of which Jhunjhunu district had 122.858 cattle and 378,942 buffaloes in 2003. Cattle and buffalo rearing play an important role in improving the socio-economic condition of the rural masses by providing additional income as well as complementing agriculture.

This study analayzed rural farmers' involvement in the identification and prioritization of infrastructure needs in Oju Local Government Area of Benue State. Data were obtained from 70 rural farmers who were randomly selected.

This study was carried out in Delta Central Agricultural Zone of Delta State, Nigeria to examine the management of farmer-herder conflicts by community development committees (CDCs). The study revealed that farmer-herder conflicts were caused by the destruction of crops by cattle, competition for land, cattle rustling, female harassment and ethnic differences.

The severity of underemployment has been high in rural areas. Considering the severity of the rural unemployment problem, various special employment programmes have been introduced by the Government of India to provide employment opportunities through the creation and strengthening of rural infrastructure.

Rajasthan is the pioneer state in the country where the Panchayati Raj System was introduced on October 2, 1959. At present there are 3058 women Sarpanch and 27000 women Panch in Rajasthan.