Rural credit provides essential financing for Brazilian agribusiness, with the amounts of credit established annually in government plans corresponding to nearly 30% of the total value of agricultural production in the country.

Cities and urban communities are highly vulnerable to climate change risks. The IPCC warns that projected climate change will result in significant urban climate risks including amplified heat waves, extreme weather volatility, floods, droughts, coastal inundation, and an increase in vector borne diseases (IPCC, 2014).

In order to alleviate the economic and social consequences of COVID-19, several public and private entities have announced economic stimulus packages: national governments have proposed fiscal and monetary stimulus; multilateral development banks (MDBs) and climate funds have announced recovery funds to assist developing countries and emerging e

A Proposed Method for Measuring Paris Alignment of New Investment outlines a science-based methodology for understanding how new investment tracks to IEA global warming scenarios and emissions budgets.

Paris Misaligned: An Assessment of Global Power Sector Investment presents the results from applying this methodology to best available data for the global power and U.S.

Improving Tracking of High-GHG Finance in the Power Sector investigates methods and available data for tracking high GHG emissions finance at the project level.

Brazil is a key player in global food supply, ecosystem services, and biodiversity conservation. The country is the globe’s third-largest agricultural producer and its largest net exporter of food (FAO, 2016).

In 2006, Uganda’s hopes of developing an oil industry were boosted by the confirmation of “commercially recoverable” quantities of oil in the Albertine Basin. By 2013, three international oil companies were lined up to develop the oil fields with first oil expected in 2018.

The Energizing Finance: Understanding the Landscape report, developed by Sustainable Energy for All in partnership with Climate Policy Initiative and produced annually since 2017, provides a comprehensive analysis of commitments flowing to the two key areas of energy access: electrification and clean cooking.

The objective of this report, supported by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), is twofold. First, propose a theoretical framework and methodology that can be used to measure and categorize climate finance flows to small-scale agriculture in developing countries.