The analysis clearly indicates that even the most stringent emission control measures, if restricted to the Ha Noi area, will not be sufficient to effectively approach Vietnam’s national ambient air quality standards.

South Africa is a major producer and exporter of agricultural products. The diversified agricultural sector produces a wide variety of agricultural commodities based on both large-scale commercial farming and small-scale family farms. However, pockets of food insecurity persist with more than 10 % of households experiencing hunger.

Greenhouse gas emissions from the land-use sector will be lower if the rising demand for bioenergy is met with worldwide protection for areas important for biodiversity and carbon storage, shows this IIASA policy brief.

This policy brief examines the feasibility of scaling up solar power development in North Africa to promote regional