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Indian monsoon rains have covered nearly half of the country, the weather department said on Monday, accelerating planting of summer crops like paddy rice, soybeans, cotton and pulses.

Stuck over south India for almost a week, the monsoon is set to stir again on the back of a fresh surge.

EI Nino refers to warming of the eastern tropical Pacific, whichdisrupts the local climate and has a wider effect on general weatherpatterns. The opposite of this term is La-Nina.

Atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) is for the first time expected to exceed 400 parts per million for 2016 as a result of an extra boost from El Nino, finds a new study.

Japan's weather bureau said on Friday there was a high possibility that a La Nina weather pattern would emerge during the country's summer, which runs from around June to August, and continue throu

A U.S.

We present the measurements of cloud-base height variations over ARIES, Nainital (79.45°E, 29.37°N, 1958 m amsl) obtained from Vaisala Ceilometer, during the nearly year-long Ganges Valley Aerosol Experiment (GVAX).

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In this paper, we evaluate the performance of the chemical transport model ‘CHIMERE’ over large Indian region (4–37.5°N; 67–88.5°E) for multiple years (2006, 2007 and 2008) by comparing the model simulations with concurrent aerosol measurements from different locations. Model simulated nearsurface black carbon mass concentrations agreed satisfactorily with measurements at various locations (oceanic, inland and island sites), in general, except during monsoon months, when the model underpredicted the measurements.

In order to understand the regional climate implications of aerosols over Indo Gangetic Plains (IGP), a major Indo-US field experiment, Ganges Valley Aerosol Experiment (GVAX) was conducted during 2011– 12. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) mobile facility (AMF) was deployed at the northern Indo-Gangetic Plain over the high-altitude site, Manora Peak, Nainital (29°21′33.84″N, 79°27′29.27″E, 1980 m amsl) in Central Himalayas, for an year-round measurement of aerosols, clouds and other climate-relevant atmospheric parameters.

The chances of a La Nina weather event forming later in 2016 are 50 percent, the Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) said on Tuesday, as the tropical Pacific Ocean continues to cool.