Question raised in Lok Sabha on Conservation of Biodiversity, 16/03/2018. India has developed 12 National Biodiversity Targets (NBTs) in line with the global Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and its 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets.
Up to half of plant and animal species in the world’s most naturally rich areas, such as the Amazon and the Galapagos, could face local extinction by the turn of the century due to climate change if carbon emissions continue to rise unchecked.
Terpios hoshinota is an encrusting cyanobacteriosponge which grows aggressively over live coral colonies and has been reported to undergo outbreaks which kill corals. In an underwater survey conducted on the reefs of Gulf of Mannar, an outbreak of this coral-invading sponge was witnessed for the first time.