Coal is the biggest single source of energy for electricity production and its share is growing. The efficiency of converting coal into electricity matters: more efficient power plants use less fuel and emit less climate-damaging carbon dioxide. This report explores how efficiency is measured and reported at coal-fired power plants.

The technical and economic viability of energy efficiency (EE) has become more pronounced as concerns about energy security, climate change and low carbon development intensify. Although the promotion of EE has long been identified as an effective policy tool to manage energy demand, active pursuit of EE still lags behind in many ESCAP countries.

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