Published by WRI and UNDP, Enhancing NDCs: A Guide to Strengthening National Climate Plans is designed to help practitioners think through how to structure their country’s enhanced NDCs across three dimensions: strengthening targets to reduce emissions (mitigation), enhancing climate resilience (adaptation) and clearly communicating their action

Climate change is set to have profound effects on Vietnam’s development. With nearly sixty percent of its land area and seventy percent of population at risk of multiple natural hazards, Vietnam globally is among the most vulnerable countries to both chronic and extreme events.

This paper presents a global assessment on how food value chains and the agri-food sector have been considered in the Nationally Determined Contributions, and outlines the connection between the agri-food sector and livelihoods in the broader context of climate change mitigation.

Non–carbon dioxide (CO2) greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are a substantial driver of climate change and have significant negative impacts on air quality, human health, and food production. In 2014, the last year with official data, non-GHG emissions in China were greater than total GHG emissions in Japan or Brazil.

Transparency in climate actions and support is an important pillar on which climate negotiations rest. This study presents an assessment tool – Capacity Building Assessment Matrix (CBAM) – to help quantify capacity building efforts and the gaps therein, with regards to climate transparency.

To finance the transition to low-carbon economies required to mitigate climate change, countries are increasingly using a combination of carbon pricing and green bonds. This paper studies the reasoning behind such policy mixes and the economic interaction effects that result from these different policy instruments.

Climate finance takes its roots in the ever-intensifying debate about the health of our planet and actions being undertaken (or planned) by countries, cities and companies to keep it habitable for future generations. Financing for climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts is a global, complex, political and economic issue.

Although Japan and India have long considered the possibility of establishing the JCM as has been stipulated in joint statements between these two countries, an official bilateral document to start the JCM has not yet been signed.

This paper recommends efficient use of biomass and other renewable energy sources, value chain policies that promote sustainable agricultural production, and capacity and technology transfer to foster sustainable development in Least Developed Countries.

This paper identifies potential “climate action-sustainable development pathways” spanning 17 major agricultural climate action categories and the 17 SDG targets.

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