Seasonal variation in the distribution of heavy metals in surface waters of Pulicat lake, Tamil Nadu, India was assessed from January 2011 to December 2012. Variation of heavy metals was maximum during summer and minimum during monsoon. The heavy metals investigated were nickel, copper, zinc, chromium, cadmium, mercury, lead and iron. The data revealed that nickel and lead were below the permissible limits, copper, zinc, chromium and mercury were moderately above the permissible limits whereas cadmium concentration was found to be high.

Urban populations are highly vulnerable to the adverse effects of heat, with heat-related mortality showing intra-urban variations that are likely due to differences in urban characteristics and socioeconomic status. The objective was to investigate the influence of urban green and urban blue, i.e., urban vegetation and water bodies, on heat-related excess mortality in the elderly above 65 years in Lisbon, Portugal between 1998 and 2008.

Original Source

Anthropogenic inputs influence the community structure and activities of microorganisms, which may impinge the functioning of estuarine and coastal ecosystem. The aim of the present study was to understand the influence of dissolved heavy metals (Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu and Zn) on community structure of cyanobacteria in a nutrient rich tropical estuary, Cochin Estuary (CE), across the southwest coast of India. Dissolved heavy metals were higher in CE during dry season, with Zn as major pollutant.

The Bahía Blanca Estuary, located at the Atlantic coast of Argentina, includes a governmental nature reserve to protect biodiversity, lands and water; however, as the process of industrialization and urbanization is stepping rapidly at the neighbouring area, the potential increase in contaminant loads is a serious concern. After several contaminants surveys at the estuary, no single study has been yet performed in order to study the native mussels population assemblages vs.

Dynamics of heavy metals such as Fe, Mn, Zn, Cr, Cu, Co, Ni, Pb, and Cd in surface water of Mahanadi River estuarine systems were studied taking 31 different stations and three different seasons. This study demonstrates that the elemental concentrations are extremely variable and most of them are higher than the World river average. Among the heavy metals, iron is present at highest concentration while cadmium is at the least.

New Zealand’s freshwater habitats including rivers, lakes, estuaries and other wetlands; groundwater and geothermal ecosystems support a unique array of flora and fauna. Freshwater is New Zealand’s greatest asset and is a taonga of paramount importance.

An ecomorphodynamic model was developed to study how Avicennia marina mangroves influence channel network evolution in sandy tidal embayments. The model accounts for the effects of mangrove trees on tidal flow patterns and sediment dynamics. Mangrove growth is in turn controlled by hydrodynamic conditions. The presence of mangroves was found to enhance the initiation and branching of tidal channels, partly because the extra flow resistance in mangrove forests favours flow concentration, and thus sediment erosion in between vegetated areas.

Recognizing the importance and uniqueness of the Sundarbans, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) declared the Indian portion of the forest a World Heritage Site in 1987, and the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Program has included the Sundarbans Biosphere Reserve in the Global Network of Island and Coastal

In the present study, efforts have been made to analyze selected physico-chemical characteristics of the water bodies of Uppanar estuary and Periyavaikkal region of Killai backwater area, Cuddalore District, Tamilnadu India. The comparative analytical study was conducted for one calendar year and water samplings were done on monthly basis. The parameters analyzed include rainfall, atmospheric temperature, water temperature, pH, salinity, turbidity, total dissolved solids, electrical conductivity, dissolved oxygen, biochemical oxygen demand and hardness.

Surface and ground water are systems linked with each other. In coastal region salanization problem is significant for groundwater contamination. The transition of ground water in to the surface waters contributes a noticeable change in teh ground water environment besides heavy metal cycling. Due to natural and anthropogenic activities the surface waters become contaminated which in turn depletes the ground water quality in the nearby areas of estuaries.