New research could lead to the fine-tuning of pesticide formulations to further increase crop yield.

The world’s most widely used insecticide is an inadvertent contraceptive for bees, cutting live sperm in males by almost 40%, according to research.

An application to use neonicotinoid pesticides to protect winter oilseed rape has been refused by government for the second time.

Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) was used extensively to control malaria, typhus, body lice, and bubonic plague worldwide, until countries began restricting its use in the 1970s. However, use of DDT to control vector-borne diseases continues in developing countries. Prenatal DDT exposure is associated with elevated blood pressure in humans.

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Farming has been associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but the role of pesticides is not known. Researchers examined associations between RA and pesticides or other agricultural exposures among female spouses of licensed pesticide applicators in the Agricultural Health Study.

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FAO and WHO have released new guidelines aimed at reducing the damage done by pesticides that pose especially high toxic risks to human health and the environment.

The Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (Crop Division) has commissioned “Impact Evaluation and socio-economic study of Bt cotton” to assess the impact of this Scheme on increase in farmers’ income through adoption of Bt cotton.

Exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) is known to increase risk of diabetes. The objective of the study was to determine which POPs are most associated with prevalence of diabetes in 601 Akwesasne Native Americans.

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Question raised in Lok Sabha on Use of Banned Pesticides, 15/03/2016. There are 261 technical pesticides registered under section 9(3) of the Insecticides Act, 1968. The list is at Annexure-I. In addition, the details of the formulations registered are at Annexure-II. The Government registers pesticides only after a detailed evaluation of safety and efficacy to human, animal and environmental health. Technical reviews are carried out from time to time and continued use of pesticides is permitted only if found safe.

Insect pollinators are essential for both the production of a large proportion of world crops and the health of natural ecosystems. As important pollinators, bumblebees must learn to forage on flowers to feed both themselves and provision their colonies. Increased use of pesticides has caused concern over sublethal effects on bees, such as impacts on reproduction or learning ability. However, little is known about how sublethal exposure to field-realistic levels of pesticide might affect the ability of bees to visit and manipulate flowers.

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