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Social protection is critical in helping children escape poverty and its devastating effects, yet, the vast majority of children have no effective social protection coverage, UNICEF and the ILO said in a joint report . Evidence shows clearly that cash transfers play a vital role in breaking the vicious cycle of poverty and vulnerability.

Off-grid solutions can be designed to provide affordable electricity to poor communities in hard-to-reach areas but receive only a fraction of annual global investment in energy provision.

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that were introduced in 2015 are being increasingly implemented in global society. Governments and the private sector have taken the SDGs as the global framework underlying the direction and actions towards 2030, which has been set by the United Nations as the year in which the SDGs should be achieved.

The 2030 Agenda on Sustainable Development offers a unique framework for transformative pathways towards sustainability worldwide. The 2030 Agenda also requires a paradigm shift in governance, - at and between all levels.

The establishment of SDG 6, Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all, reflects the increased attention on water and sanitation issues in the global political agenda.

The year 2019 is an important one for the international community working on the SDGs: it not only marks the “minus one” year deadline for achieving the 2020 targets of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, but it is also characterized by various high-level intergovernmental meetings that should keep the momentum going on the 2030 Agenda’

The engagement of young people is vital for addressing current and future environmental challenges. This is particularly true in Asia and the Pacific, where ever-escalating development is bringing about a growing raft of environmental and societal challenges.

India will continue to remain the world’s fastest-growing large economy in 2019 as well as in 2020, much ahead of China, a UN report said. According to the UN’s World Economic Situation and Prospects (WESP) 2019, India’s GDP growth is expected to accelerate to 7.6% in 2019-20 from an estimated 7.4% in the current fiscal ending March 2019.

This document has been prepared to clarify the roles and responsibilities of local government in the federal context as they have major role in preparation of policy, plans, monitoring & management of renewable energy related projects.

This book aims to give policy makers an overview of the evolution of science, technology and innovation (STI) policies in a selected number of East Asian countries. China, Japan, Republic of Korea and Singapore have transformed their economies and societies in recent decades.

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