A preliminary screening was carried out on five plants viz., Azadirachta indica, Citrus medica, Murraya koenigii, Ocimum tenuifloreum and Ricinus communis for their repellent activity against mosquitoes. The repellent activity was studied under natural conditions in the field making use of the traditional knowledge as background. Field observations were undertaken in houses wherein dried powdered plant leaves each (250g) burnt on glowing charcoal produced smoke act as a repellent mosquitocide.

This 2013 edition of the annual WHO report on malaria summarizes information received from malaria-endemic countries and updates the analyses presented in the 2012. It highlights the progress made towards global malaria targets set for 2015, and describes current challenges for global malaria control and elimination.

Malaria, a disease of antiquity, has proved to be a formidable deterrent to the cultural and socioeconomic progress of man in tropical, subtropical and monsoon prone zones if world. The aim of the study was to highlight that the incidence of malaria is static throughout the year in India.

Task Involves Door-To-Door Inspection Of Houses, Spraying Insecticides And Creating Awareness

Pune: The Rs 1 crore ‘zeromosquito project’ of the Pune Municipal Corporation this year will become operational next month. This is the second time that the civic body approved the project’s implementation. A work order for the project was issued to Dhankawdibased Deesha Agency on February 26.
“We have issued the work order to the agency to carry out indoor vector control programme under the zero-mosquito project, on February 26.

New tools for malaria control, artemisinin combination therapy (ACT) and long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) were recently introduced across India. We estimated the impact of universal coverage of ACT and ACT plus LLINs in a setting of hyperendemic, forest malaria transmission.

Rational decision making on malaria control depends on an understanding of the epidemiological risks and control measures. National Malaria Control Programmes across Africa have access to a range of state-of-the-art malaria risk mapping products that might serve their decision-making needs. The use of cartography in planning malaria control has never been methodically reviewed.

WHO reports unprecedented progress against 17 neglected tropical diseases, thanks to a new global strategy, a regular supply of quality assured, cost-effective medicines and support from global partners.

The malaria burden is concentrated in 14 endemic countries, which account for an estimated 80% of malaria deaths and India is the most affected country in South-East Asia, reveals this World Malaria Report 2012 released recently

A market-based malaria-control programme may not be perfect, but it deserves to continue. (Editorial)

Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) causes Japanese encephalitis, which is a leading form of viral encephalitis in Asia, with around 50,000 cases and 10,000 deaths per year in children below 15 years of age. The JEV has shown a tendency to extend to other geographic regions. Case fatality averages 30% and a high percentage of the survivors are left with permanent neuropsychiatric sequelae. Currently, there is no cure for JEV, and treatment is mainly supportive. Patients are not infectious, but should avoid further mosquito bites.