Assigning a monetary value for air quality reduction and associated health outcomes of electricity generation is both difficult and essential; it is difficult because methods are cumbersome, data intensive and costly, however dollar value of cost of air pollution is imperative for formulating pollution control policy.

Bangladesh today faces a different future than it did decades ago when relatively abundant natural gas seemed to be the key to prosperity. To support more evidence-based dialogue on energy development, allocation, and pricing reform, this study uses a computable general equilibrium model to evaluate major energy policy issues facing Bangladesh.

The study investigates willingness to pay for water supply services in Khulna, using a contingent valuation method. Since the large connection cost is regarded as one of the major obstacles to expand the piped network among the poor, the model explicitly incorporates the connection cost in addition to monthly charge.

The emergence of biofuel as a renewable energy source offers opportunities for climate change mitigation and greater energy security for many countries. At the same time, biofuel represents the possibility of substitution between energy and food.

This paper examines economy-wide impacts of expansion of biodiesel production to meet the blending target using a computable general equilibrium model. Assesses impacts of biodiesel expansion on household welfare, other sectors of the economy, carbon emissions, rural development, and employment generation.

This report summarizes the findings of the Asian Development Bank's technical assistance project TA-7250: Cross- Sectoral Implications of Biofuel Production and Use in India. Implementation of its national biofuel policy will help offset the effects of oil price increases on the economy of India in the next 2 decades.

This paper identifies inadequate effort to use market-based approaches, among others, as a reason for limited progress in arresting continuing environmental degradation in the Asia and Pacific region.

This paper examines the experiences of private sector participation (PSP) in the water supply and sanitation (WSS) sector. The paper first uses nonmarket failures as a concept to briefly explain why public sector provision of WSS is prone to failures. The widely sought solution, PSP, has not shown encouraging results in the WSS sector. In particular, private resources have not been adequately mobilized to solve WSS sector problems as anticipated by the proponents of PSPs. PSPs in

ADB initiated the study on the Cross-Sectoral Implications of Biofuel Production and Use with the objective of generating scientific information on biofuel production and its use to facilitate implementation of the biofuel policy by the Government of India.

This paper examines the financial and economic feasibility of adoption of an energy-conserving technology in the household sector in Sri Lanka. Results shows that the adoption of this energy-conserving technology is financially profitable and economically viable. Systematic incorporation of environmental benefits further strengthens the case for energy conservation.