Trade-off between economic development and environmental protection becomes critical for any country aspiring for high growth for achieving development objectives.

India is struggling with skyrocketing energy demands, declining energy supplies, and peak load blackouts and shortages that limit energy access. The country’s recent economic growth has depended largely on fossil fuels, resulting in greater energy security concerns, higher electricity pricing, and increased pollution.

Drawing on extensive, independent and peer-reviewed research conducted by CEEW in more than 60 research projects, Shaping a Prosperous and Sustainable India: Action Plan for Energy, Environment and Water crystallises CEEW's findings and recommendations in various areas: India's energy mix for a low-carbon future; coal and natural gas; grid-conne

Energy is important both for economic development, but it also plays a major role in improving conditions at the household level. The notion of an energy poverty line is well accepted around the world. There is a large body of literature on how to measure income poverty and the reliability of alternate measures.

Minerals are indispensable in modern industrial activities; infrastructure and manufacturing sectors, as indeed all sectors of economy. However, non-fuel materials (minerals and metals) have so far not received the same attention as have oil and natural gas.

Hydropower is an important source of renewable energy. In recent years, both at the national level and in various states, policy impetus has been given for increasing hydropower generation through new projects and by encouraging private sector investment.

The dialogues, undertaken with a spirit of continuity, focused on five themes: challenges in water utility management, roles of the private sector and civil society, role of water regulators, improving water data and metrics, and prospects for capacity building.

The Roadmaps for Reforms report focuses on four key areas. The first roadmap, proposing a national water management reform programme, underscores the importance of a multi-level approach to water management. It covers reforms at the state level for water resources management, main system irrigation management, and on-farm irrigation management.

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