This study, in collaboration with the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), examines India’s National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS), existing policies and emission control measures aimed at curbing air pollution, factors contributing to air pollution across the country, and future pathways towards meeting NAAQS ov

Biomass pellet production has increased considerably in recent years, mainly due to the demand created by policies and bioenergy-use targets in the European Union (EU). Global biomass pellet production was 24.1 million tonne (Mt) in 2014.

Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) are often used as substitutes for ozone-depleting substances (ODSs) in various sectors, including refrigeration, air-conditioning, aerosols, fire extinguishers, and foam blowing.

India is following the Hydrochlorofluorocarbon Phaseout Management Plan (HPMP) as part of its international commitment under the Montreal Protocol to mitigate consumption of ozone depleting substances. This transition is almost complete in developed countries.

This paper looks at the ways in which clean energy is being governed in India. It analyses and seeks to explain the nature of governance arrangements and policy-making processes around the development of energy sources and technologies defined as ‘clean’ both by the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and beyond.

Global policies and instruments to tackle climate change look very different once translated into domestic programmes of action, reflecting varied institutional capacity, competing priorities, and diverse political cultures and political economies. In light of these variations, this article analyses how clean energy is governed in India, both through and beyond the Clean Development Mechanism. Governance processes are assessed across a number of scales, including various actors involved in mobilising finance and providing political and institutional support for clean energy.

A sample of 52 Indian CDM projects registered until May, 20, 2006 is analyzed with respect to the testing of additionality. While almost all projects do additionality testing, only half of them identify alternatives. Barrier testing is almost universal but only a third of the projects do an investment analysis. Small scale projects are less likely to look at the impact of CDM