The Challenges of Urbanization in India are unprecedented in scale and significance. The magnitude of the challenge can be understood from the sheer fact that our urban areas may be required to accommodate 250-300 million people in addition to the population that they are already home to at present in about two decades from now.

The national mission on sustainable habitat approved by Prime minister. It is one of the eight missions under national climate change action plan and aims to make cities sustainable through improvements in energy efficiency in buildings, management of solid waste & shift to public transport.

The urban sector is being increasingly recognised as a critical growth driver for the Indian economy. The share of population residing in urban areas is also witnessing rapid growth

The list of cities in rankwise on sanitation 2009-2010 under National Urban Sanitation Policy published by Ministry of Urban Development. Findings of a Union Urban Development Ministry survey on where Indian cities stand on safe sanitation practices reveal some grim figures.

The Government of India has formulated National Urban Transport Policy (NUTP) in April, 2006. NUTP, 2006 calls for concerted efforts to strengthening capability at the institutional level and individual level in order to undertake the task of development and implementation of sustainable urban transport systems.

Benchmarking is now well recognized as an important mechanism for introducing accountability in service delivery. It can help Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) and utilities in identifying performance gaps and effecting improvements through the sharing of information and best practices, ultimately resulting in better services to people.

This document lays down the guidelines to address the environment and social safeguard impacts of the green transport projects in selected cities of India, to be taken up under the sustainable urban transport project of the Ministry of urban development.

Guidelines announced by the Ministry of Urban Development on funding of buses for urban transport under JNNURM. Under this, one-time assistance will be provided to all mission cities for the purchase of buses for urban transport systems till June 30.

An efficient, effective, eco-and consumer-friendly Urban
Transportation-without which cities can become immobile-is the need of the country in this century. If the look and feel of
public transport is not improved substantially and on an urgent
basis across various cities; to a level that it can be sold to

Sanitation is defined as safe management of human excreta, including its safe confinement treatment, disposal and associated hygiene-related practices. While this policy pertains to management of human excreta and associated public health and