The document has been prepared with the basic surmise that “Wildlife Management, Ecotourism and Animal Welfare are to be treated as a Priority Sector during the 12th Plan as the conservation of our natural wealth, biodiversity and ecology has tremendous economic consequences and its wellbeing is in the larger national interest as well as being i

India stands today at the cross-roads where it is becoming abundantly clear that not paucity of funds, but deficit in governance is the most significant challenge before the society.

The Planning Commission's decision to set up a working group on MGNREGS to contribute to the formulation of the 12th five year plan is reflective of the critical contribution of MGNREGS to poverty reduction.

The report of the working group on forests and sustainable management of natural resources is a collective effort to introduce and explain the concerns and challenges faced by the sector and the strategy to address them in the Twelfth Five Year Plan. Forests can no longer be considered as nature’s factory that produces wood alone.

In July 2011, the Steering Committee on Environment, Forests & Wildlife and Animal Welfare for the Twelfth Five Year Plan of the Planning Commission formed a Sub-Group on Climate Change (as part of the Working Group on Environment & Climate Change).

Urbanization has emerged as a key policy and governance challenge in India in recent years. While urban development accelerates the process of economic growth, it can also make growth more inclusive too.

A working group on “Minor Irrigation and Watershed Management” was constituted by Planning Commission, Government of India to develop and define broad contours of future watershed development projects that could be implemented during the 12th Five Year Plan.

The Working Group on Urban Transport for the 12th Five Year Plan has made recommendations on investments and plans on 9 broad themes in urban transport which were identified in line with the National Urban Transport Policy (NUTP) developed by the Government of India.

India has unacceptable levels of rural poverty, estimated at 42%. In some of the northern and north‐eastern states, there is an even higher level of rural poverty. Government of India has been deeply concerned about rural poverty in India. To eradicate rural poverty, National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) has been established.

The Committee on Policy for Pooling of Natural Gas Prices and Pool Operating Guidelines was asked to examine the procedure for discovery of gas price.