Although progress has been made to reduce global incidence of drug-susceptible tuberculosis, the emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis during the past decade threatens to undermine these advances. However, countries are responding far too slowly.

Rapid expansion of the standardised approach to tuberculosis diagnosis and treatment that is recommended by WHO allowed more than 36 million people to be cured between 1995 and 2008, averting up to 6 million deaths. Yet tuberculosis remains a severe global public health threat.

Ebola hemorrhagic fever (Ebola HF) is a severe, often-fatal disease in humans and nonhuman primates (monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees) that has appeared sporadically since its initial recognition in 1976.

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) has released a document entitled Health, United States, 2009. Prepared for the US President and Congress from data gathered by state and federal agencies and continuing national surveys, the report provides an annual picture of the health status of the American nation.

Treating HIV infection aggressively before symptoms appear could help to control the spread of the disease, according to data presented at a retroviral conference. Independent studies in Canada, the United States and Africa support the strategy in both the developed and developing world.

Bioimplants and devices sector, also known as the medical device sector, is a key part of the healthcare industry worldwide. The sector covers a wide spectrum of devices including diagnostics, imaging, dental, surgical, ocular, wound care, orthopedic and cardiovascular devices. Although the $250-billion medical device sector is substantially smaller than the $750-billion

This latest World malaria report describes the global distribution of cases and deaths, how WHO-recommended control strategies have been adopted and implemented in endemic countries, sources of funding for malaria control, and recent evidence that prevention and treatment can alleviate the burden of disease. It contains individual country profiles for 31 high burden countries.

HIV testing is a key component of HIV control efforts. The authors examined the distribution of HIV testing in a population-based sample from Guntur district in Andhra Pradesh, which is estimated to have one of the highest prevalence rates of HIV in India.

CHANDAN CHAKRABORTY is an oncologist with a practice in Kolkata. He specializes in cancers of the colon and rectum. During a conversation about his daily endeavours, he mentioned an occupational hazard:

Swine flu virus is mild; unpreparedness resulted in panic fifteen-year-old Preshita Padhye tested positive for H1N1 virus on July 27. She spent the next five days at the isolation ward of the Aundh general hospital in Pune.