Article 6 of the Paris Agreement provides the framework for a new generation of carbon markets in a context where all countries are supposed to formulate and implement ambitious Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) towards a temperature target and ratchet their contribution on a regular basis.

This report is a synthesis of the research and re-evaluates the options previously considered in this project (Vieweg et al (2014)) in the light of the negotiation process up to today.

Greenhouse gas emissions need to decrease substantially to limit global average temperature to a maximum of 2°C warming above the pre-industrial level in 2100. Emerging economies are of increasing importance in this global effort.

The new analysis presents recent and expected emission developments of each country and various other indicators, and gives an overview of the most important activities by the federal governments to respond to the threat of climate change.

The G8 climate scorecards provide a comparable snapshot of the current situation across the G8 countries as well as the five major developing countries. They provide recent and expected emission developments of each country and various other indicators. The scorecards also provide an overview of the most important activities by the governments to respond to the threat of climate
change.