The study was undertaken to explore, understand and document the livestock and livelihood related social realities and their interlinkages in rural societies of Sundarbans. Four case studies were conducted in 4 purposively selected distinct villages under 4 blocks of Sundarbans.

Field studies on floristic composition and ethnobotanical practices of the sacred groves of in and around Pallapatty village, Madurai district of Tamil Nadu were undertaken. A total of 133 plant species belonging to 113 genera distributed among 51 families were recorded. The mode of mythical and therapeutic uses and conservation practices of these plants by the local people has been discussed.

In the study, an effort was made to explore the diversities of indigenous knowledge systems pertaining to human health among rural women of the purposively selected villages of eastern part of Azamgarh district, Uttar Pradesh. Data pertaining to study were collected by using the participatory approach, group discussions, participant learning and personal interview methods.

The most common and accepted method of fumigation is to produce fumes using formaldehyde along with potassium permanganate. The formaldehyde cause sulphydryl poisoning, protein aggregation and cancer inducing nature due to protein cross linkage. Indians follow the practice, Homam

The study investigated Rural Women

Rodents are important storage pest of NEH region due to availability of congenial habitat. The farmers of West Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh with their years of wisdom have been using an indigenous method of rat proof granary called Nahu in Adi language. The study reveals three scientific features of this structure used as rat proof grain storage.

Through an ethnobotanical survey of Barak-valley, about 150 naturally growing and frequently used medicinal plants were collected. Out of these collections, 24 plant species have been highly prioritised for conservation.

Bamboos are the important component in the traditional land use systems of Barak Valley. The traditional practice of village bamboo management in the homegarden system was studied in the Cachar district of Barak Valley, Assam. Utilization of village bamboos for fulfilling basic rural necessitate supports the maintenance of village bamboo diversity.

A floristic survey of ethnomedicinal plants was conducted at Muzaffarnagar district of Uttar Pradesh to assess the potentiality of plant resources. The study revealed that 15 plant species belonging to 13 families are used as anti-urolithiatic agents in local remedies.

The paper attempts to study the Indigenous Technical Knowledge of the fisher folk of fishing villages, Maruvakkad and Mallipuram belonging to Chellanam and Elankunnapuzha Panchayats, respectively of Palluruthy and Vypeen Block, Ernakulam.