From the innovations and ethical dilemmas of synthetic biology to the options for appropriate international adaptation to climate change: Frontiers 2018/19 explores the emerging environmental issues facing the planet.

Food loss and waste is a major challenge globally, and in North America, an estimated 30 to 40 per cent of the food available for human consumption is lost or wasted. Achieving both global and national food loss and waste reduction goals will require a broad-based effort across the supply chain, from farm to fork and beyond.

In 1998 Beijing began an intensified air pollution control program, and over the last 20 years the city has implemented a series of measures including energy infrastructure optimization, coal-fired pollution control, and vehicle emission controls. These efforts successfully reduced air pollution.

Globally, discussions on the cause and impact of a rapidly changing climate are taking new directions. There is now a growing interest in solutions based on existing indigenous knowledge, greater awareness and the spread of innovation.

This report summarises the findings of the workshop Climate Finance Law: Legal Readiness for Climate Finance co-convened by King’s College London and UN Environment.

The mobility needs of people who walk and cycle – often the majority of citizens in a city – continue to be overlooked. Even though the benefits of investing in pedestrians and cyclists can save lives, help protect the environment and support poverty reduction.

The first-ever global assessment of environmental rule of law finds weak enforcement to be a global trend that is exacerbating environmental threats, despite prolific growth in environmental laws and agencies worldwide over the last four decades.

The engagement of young people is vital for addressing current and future environmental challenges. This is particularly true in Asia and the Pacific, where ever-escalating development is bringing about a growing raft of environmental and societal challenges.

This report identifies 25 clean air measures that can positively impact human health, crop yields, climate change and socio-economic development, as well as contribute to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.

The publication takes stock and gives a ‘gap analysis’ of the current status of institutions and legal frameworks relating to the regulation of licit trade, and the prevention, detection and penalization of illicit trade, in wildlife and forest products.

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