This fourth edition of the WHO Guidelines for surveillance of drug resistance in tuberculosis presents up-to-date guidance on the design and implementation of setting-specific surveys and surveillance systems to measure the burden and trends of drug-resistant tuberculosis.

Working in partnership to prevent and control the four noncommunicable diseases — cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancers and chronic respiratory diseases and the four shared risk factors - tobacco use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diets and the harmful use of alcohol.

World Health Statistics 2008 presents the most recent available health statistics for WHO's 193 Member States. This fourth edition includes 10 highlights of health statistics as well as data on an expanded set of over 70 key health indicators. The indicators were selected on the basis of their relevance to global health monitoring and c onsiderations of data availability, accuracy and comparability among Member States.

The objective of this report is to monitor global progress in the health sector as it scales up HIV prevention, treatment and care interventions towards universal access . The current report is the second in a series of annual progress reports developed by the WHO, the joint UNAIDS and the UNICEF in partnership with other international monitoring and reporting mechanisms to monitor the response of the health sector to HIV. This report includes a focus on women and children.

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