The overall aim of the work programme on Financing the Urban Transition is to empower national decisionmakers with the knowledge and tools to better unlock, direct, and facilitate urban finance. Doing so will enable

C40 aims to support cities to “understand value and then make the case for individual climate actions based on the environmental, economic and social costs and benefits” of those actions.

This paper provides an overview of the available evidence on the link between the effectiveness of transport systems and economic, social and environmental performance.

Urbanisation is one of the most important drivers of productivity and growth in the global economy. Between 2014 and 2050, the urban population is projected to increase by around 2.5 billion people, reaching 66% of the global population. By 2030, China’s cities alone will be home to nearly 1 billion people.

This paper focusses on one central aspect of urban development: transport and urban form and how the two shape the provision of access to people, goods and services, and information in cities. The more efficient this access, the greater the economic benefits through economies of scale, agglomeration effects and networking advantages.