Measles, a highly contagious viral infection, is in various respects the perfect example of a threat to health that respects neither aspirations nor boundaries between developed and developing countries. Complications of measles infection include pneumonia (the most common cause of death in children with measles), encephalitis, ear in

One of the first multicenter randomized trials was the British Medical Research Council (MRC) streptomycin trial. From the first meeting of the special committee to “plan trials of streptomycin in tuberculosis” in September, 1946, the primary trial results from 107 participants followed for 12 months were published in the British Medical Journal two years later in October, 1948. Although treatment with a single drug was subsequently shown to be inadequate because of the generation of drug resistance, the results of the trial changed clinical practice.

Carlos S Grijalva-Eternod and colleagues present results for acute malnutrition, dietary diversity, and other nutrition-related outcomes from their non-randomised trial of a CBI for displaced families with young children.

Maternal pre-conception obesity is a strong risk factor for childhood overweight.

Early childhood interventions have potential to offset the negative impact of early adversity. We evaluated the impact of a community-based parenting group intervention on child development in Zambia.

Original Source

Violent attacks on and interferences with hospitals, ambulances, health workers, and patients during conflict destroy vital health services during a time when they are most needed and undermine the long-term capacity of the health system. In Syria, such attacks have been frequent and intense and represent grave violations of the Geneva Conventions, but the number reported has varied considerably.

Physical inactivity is an important cause of noncommunicable diseases. Interventions can increase short-term physical activity (PA), but health benefits require maintenance. Few interventions have evaluated PA objectively beyond 12 months. We followed up two pedometer interventions with positive 12-month effects to examine objective PA levels at 3–4 years.

Original Source

The aim of this study is to estimate the immediate and lasting effects of the 2014–2015 Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak on public-sector primary healthcare delivery in Liberia using 7 years of comprehensive routine health information system data.

Original Source

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with developing type 2 diabetes, but very few studies have examined its effect on developing cardiovascular disease.

Original Source

Survival represents the single most important indicator of successful HIV treatment. Routine monitoring fails to capture most deaths. As a result, both regional assessments of the impact of HIV services and identification of hotspots for improvement efforts are limited. We sought to assess true mortality on treatment, characterize the extent under-reporting of mortality in routine health information systems in Zambia, and identify drivers of mortality across sites and over time using a multistage, regionally representative sampling approach.

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