India was a pioneer in recognising special protections for her tribal or indigenous peoples in the Constitution, recognising their distinctive cultural, social, and economic identity from that of the mainstream Indian society and that they needed some protection from exploitation by the mainstream.

It is now almost axiomatic that cities are the engines of growth. Historically, federal support programmes have focused on rural areas, but over the past fifteen years, the need to devise such programmes for urban local bodies has come to be recognised, with JNNURM in its various forms, being the most visible early manifestation.

Although sanitation remains a focus in present government programmes and schemes (SBM and AMRUT), capacity building of ULBs and State Government on issues of sanitation has remained an area of neglect in most of the State and ULBs.

This report provides concise exposition of the Malaysian urban wastewater management under the country’s existing primary federal environmental legislation.

The discourses on rural and urban spaces in India in the context of physical infrastructure have divulged their inherent characteristic differences.

In this paper, examine, critically, interstate water disputes in India for a comprehensive understanding of their anatomy – the making of disputes. Pursue some fundamental questions: Why do interstate water disputes emerge and recur? What factors contribute to their (re)making?

Indian cities are crucial to the response to climate change. As the bulk of their infrastructure is yet to be built, their current decisions can lock-in, or lock-out, inclusive and climate resilient forms.

Burgeoning urbanisation coupled with policy implementation gaps have resulted in growing disparities in the provision of public infrastructure services in urban areas of India.

This innovative and important study contributes to a deeper understanding of several important questions. It is a contribution to an understanding of how disputes over land are actually adjudicated in the Supreme Court. What issues are being litigated? What issues are at stake? Are there any discernible patterns in the nature of litigation?

This report focuses on the regulatory and operational aspects of Intermediate Public Transportation (IPT) in Kolkata, India.