New Delhi: The government plans to establish 50 centres of excellence in frontier areas of science and technology in the next six years.

Proceedings of the ninety eighth session of the Indian Science Congess, Chennai, 2011 (Materials Science).

Praveen Bose / December 17, 2010, 0:20 IST

With automotive manufacturers striving to match stricter emission norms set by regulatory authorities, they have begun considering nanotechnology as a necessity.

Mumbai: Six months after the British Medical Association rubbished homeopathy as witchcraft with no scientific basis, IIT scientists have said the sweet white pills work on the principle of nanotechnology.

Homeopathic pills containing naturally occurring metals such as gold, copper and iron retain their potency even when diluted to a nanometre or one-billionth of a metre, states the IIT-Bom

Nanotechnology will play an important role in healthcare treatment as it can monitor heart functions at cellular level to help physicians in timely diagnosis and treatment of diseases.

Jugnu, the nanosatellite developed by IIT Kanpur, is expected to be launched in the first half of the next year.

Aerosols could be injected into the upper atmosphere to engineer the climate by scattering incident sunlight so as to produce a cooling tendency that may mitigate the risks posed by the accumulation of greenhouse gases. Analysis of climate engineering has focused on sulfate aerosols.

Agriculture is an area where new technologies are often applied to improve the yield of crops. Nano agriculture involves the involvement of nanoparticles in agriculture with the ambition that these particles will impart some beneficial effect to the crops.

BV Mahalakshmi

Imagine a new kind of food, dramatically lowered in fat, salt and sugar but tasting just as good as the real thing - in fact, it is the real thing. Thanks to nanotechnology, such foods could soon become reality. Yet their promising future is already in jeopardy.