Uttaranchal is one of the newly formed states of the Indian Union which falls under the North Western Himalayan (NWH) zone. Even though Uttaranchal state as a whole is surplus with food production, the hill districts depicts a different picture. They face a shortage of about 29 thousand tonnes of foodgrains. Eleven out of the 13 districts in Uttaranchal come under hilly area of NWH region.
The rice-wheat annual double cropping system occupies an estimated 0.5 million hectares in Nepal where it provides food for about 23 million people. Current production levels of both rice and wheat are far below their reported potential with N-deficiency being the major production constraint.