The World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) has released working paper, titled "Payments for ecosystem services schemes: project-level insights on benefits for ecosystems and the rural poor." The paper examines 36 payments for ecosystem services (PES) projects in which beneficiaries of ecosystem services make direct financial transfers to land owner

We explore the relationship between farming practice changes made by households coping with the huge demographic, economic, and ecological changes they have seen in the last 10 years and household food security. We examine whether households that have been introducing new practices, such as improved management of crops, soil, land, water, and livestock (e.g. cover crops, microcatchments, ridges, rotations, improved pastures, and trees) and new technologies (e.g.

Not much research has been done on the impacts of climate change on agroforestry systems.

This new book released by World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) on the sidelines of the Durban Climate Change Conference, focuses on the relationship between rural development and climate change mitigation and adaptation in the context of trees and agroforestry. It discusses the role of rewards for ecosystem services in improving livelihoods while enhancing carbon stocks.