Quantifying the impacts of idling or idling stops is not a straight forward equation, as it includes a variety of parameters including the types of vehicles on the road, age of
the vehicles, vehicular combustion and emission control technology, the traffic load on the roads leading to the congestion times, and hence forth. A survey is essential to

This paper arises from a concern over the lack of information (quantitatively) on the contributions of different source categories of air pollution in developing countries -
especially for fine particulate matter (PM), which is the major contributor to the adverse health effects of air pollution. Without reliable and accurate source information, it is

The development of modern biofuels for various energy applications is gaining momentum - both in terms of applications and impacts. Liquid biofuels for transport received special attention in the literature and numerous studies on the sustainability (economic and environmental) of large-scale biofuels production continue to be undertaken.

This multi-agency study was designed to prepare a co-benefit action plan for air pollution control in Hyderabad, India, with base year 2006. The program included a year long source apportionment study, bottom-up air pollution analysis and co-benefits analysis of the city action plan.

As urbanization gathers pace in India, personal transport is among the priorities (for access and mobility), especially since mass transport is often not available or is of poor quality. To summarize, public transport and its clever use could bring us many advantages

Due to regulations and compliance issues for urban centers

The health impacts of air pollution depend on the pollutant type, its concentration in the air, length of exposure, other pollutants in the air, and individual susceptibility. The undernourished, very young and very old, and people with preexisting respiratory disease and other ill health, may be more affected by the same concentrations than healthy people.

Major sources of air pollution in urban areas include combustion processes (e.g., including the burning of fossil fuels for steam and power generation, heating and household cooking, waste burning, and gasoline and diesel-fueled engine combustion) and various non-combustion industrial processes (e.g., solvent extraction processes).

Building an effective air quality management system (AQMS) requires a process of continual improvement, and the source apportionment techniques described in this report can contribute in a cost effective manner to improving existing systems or