What is the single largest source of air pollution exposure in India? You would be perhaps surprised to find that the answer, with a near consensus in the published scientific literature, is neither transportation nor stubble burning.

In December 2015, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) notified emission standards for limiting Sulphur Oxides (SOx), Nitrogen Oxides (NOx), Particulate Matter (PM) and Mercury (Hg) emissions in coal-based Thermal Power Plants (TPPs). As of December 2017 (the deadline for meeting these standards), compliance was poor.

Presentation by Dr. Sarath Guttikunda of UrbanEmissions.Info at Anil Agarwal Dialogue 2015: Poor in climate change, India Habitat Centre, New Delhi, March 11 – 12, 2015.

This new study by the Conservation Action Trust, Urban Emissions and Greenpeace India warns that air pollution in India from coal-fired power plants is causing 80-115,000 premature deaths every year.

This study by Sarath Guttikunda and Puja Jawahar focuses on the energy and emissions outlook for the transport sector in India which could effectively result in a co-benefits framework for better air quality management in the cities & national climate policy dialogue.

As India's capital, Delhi has grown across sectors - industry, transport, and housing - which contribute to an increase in air pollution. This, in turn, has increased health risks, which are refl ected in a rise in respiratory ailments. While the benefi ts of some interventions in the transport sector have been apparent, it is time to focus on low-hanging fruit in other sectors in order to improve air quality and public health in the city.

URBAN AIR pollution is a complex issue, fuelled by multiple sources.

This paper present results of a bottom-up emissions inventory, an analysis of source-receptor relationships for PM10 and PM 2.5 for residential and industrial areas in Delhi NCR, and implications of sector based interventions on air pollution control policy.

Accelerating growth in the transport sector, a booming construction industry, and a growing industrial sector are responsible for worsening air pollution in Indian cities.

This study under the SIM-air program was initiated with support from the Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation (New Delhi, India) to better understand the sources of air pollution in the Pune city and to support an integrated dialogue between local pollution management and climate policy in a co-benefits framework.