Bringing together the dual aims of low-carbon and climate resilient development has become a significant policy goal in planning for climate change.

This paper explores methodological approaches that can be used to monitor and evaluate climate change adaptation initiatives at the projects and programme levels.

National monitoring and evaluation (M&E) systems in Nepal have evolved rapidly over the past decade. The National Planning Commission has developed new guidelines and approaches to move the Government towards results-based management and the use of sectoral and national indicators.

The high and volatile food prices that triggered a renewed interest in food security since the 2008–09 crisis are expected to continue due to several factors that include the impacts of climate change.

Climate change adaptation is an increasingly important field and will involve a range of actors from national governments to private companies, communities and households.