As well as dengue fever (DF) and dengue haemorrhagic fever-dengue shock syndrome (DHF/DSS), other atypical manifestations of dengue virus infection have also been reported. The frequency of CNS involvement in dengue remains unknown, although isolated cases with neurological manifestations have been reported in Southeast Asia, Malaysia, Burma, Puerto Rico and India.

A total of 243 children aged one month to five years with World Health Organization defined severe community acquired pneumonia were studied for the presence of atypical bacterial pathogens: 24 were found positive for mycoplasma infection. There was no significant association with any of the clinical, laboratory and radiological variables in children with pneumonia by the atypical pathogen.

We studied the implementation of the World Health Organization protocol for the treatment of malnourished children at the largest maternal and infant hospital in the northeast of Brazil. The implementation of the protocol resulted in a reduction in the mortality rate from 38.0% to 16.2%.

Fever of unknown origin broke out in several districts of West Bengal, from August 2007 to December 2007. The cases were suffering from high fever, severe joint pain lasting for several weeks after clinical cure and appearance of skin rashes. Patients' sera were collected at least five days after fever and were analyzed to detect specific IgM antibodies.

Prior to the 2004 Philippines Measles Follow up Elimination Campaign, measles caused an estimated 6000 deaths among Filipino children. After the campaign, cases and deaths decreased by 96.4% and 99.2%, respectively. The Nationwide Rapid Coverage Assessments, with an extensive system of feedback, was the prime factor in reaching the under-immunized areas.

Ciprofloxacin has become the antibiotic of choice for the treatment of typhoid fever with the emergence and worldwide spread of Salmonella enterica typhi strains resistant to chloramphenicol. However, the rampant use of ciprofloxacin gradually led to an increase in its minimum inhibitory concentration against S. enterica typhi.

Correctly identifying malnourished or at-risk children is the critical first step towards appropriate nutritional interventions. To improve weight-for-height assessment and classification of nutritional status, we present a novel, low-cost, weight-for-height slide chart. We also describe a target weight system for monitoring children's progress towards nutritional recovery.

A total of 744 paralytic poliomyelitis patients (0

The use of traditional medicine in the treatment of 596 children aged 0

Radio and television announcements advised patients with surgical problems in the rural areas of Osun State, Nigeria, to report at any of the nine zonal headquarters of the state which were closest to their homes in order to receive free treatment. Over 1000 patients reported and 801 received operations on a rotational basis within nine weeks.