Climate change will cause ice-free areas on Antarctica to increase by up to a quarter by 2100, threatening the diversity of the unique terrestrial plant and animal life that exists there, according

A river of meltwater flows over 120-metre wide waterfall in Antarctica Won Sang Lee/Korea Polar Research Institute

Green moss banks on the Antarctic Peninsula. These have been growing 5 times faster since the 1950sMatt Amesbury

A strong quake of magnitude 6.8 struck north of Antarctica on Wednesday, the U.S. Geological Survey said, but it was not expected to cause a tsunami.

LONDON: Central parts of Antarctica's ice sheet have been stable for millions of years, even when conditions were considerably warmer than present, new research suggests.

Scientists have found that vast lakes and streams are widespread on the surface of Antarctica's ice sheets which may accelerate its contribution to the rise in sea-level, a new study suggests.

Paris - Antarctic meltwater lakes are far more common than once thought and could destabilise glaciers, potentially lifting sea levels by metres as global warming sets in, scientists said on Wednes

Growth in terrestrial gross primary production (GPP)—the amount of carbon dioxide that is ‘fixed’ into organic material through the photosynthesis of land plants—may provide a negative feedback for climate change. It remains uncertain, however, to what extent biogeochemical processes can suppress global GPP growth. As a consequence, modelling estimates of terrestrial carbon storage, and of feedbacks between the carbon cycle and climate, remain poorly constrained.

For the first time in 24 years, this report comprehensively summarizes the status — population size and population trends — of Antarctica’s five penguin species, continent-wide and in key regions. These species total at least 5.7 million breeding pairs nesting at 660 or more sites across the entire Antarctic continent.

The Strategic Plan for Biodiversity, adopted under the auspices of the Convention on Biological Diversity, provides the basis for taking effective action to curb biodiversity loss across the planet by 2020—an urgent imperative. Yet, Antarctica and the Southern Ocean, which encompass 10% of the planet’s surface, are excluded from assessments of progress against the Strategic Plan. The situation is a lost opportunity for biodiversity conservation globally. We provide such an assessment.