This Overview reviews a range of such sources including financial fillings, venture capital deals, patents, scientific publications, marketed products and firm-level perceptions. It recommends that governments seek to develop and share effective practices in this area and adopt a portfolio of indicators suited to their own context.

This report was produced jointly by IRENA and the United Nations Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States (UN-OHRLLS).

This book examines clean energy financing and approaches in hydropower and demand-side energy efficiency projects, along with policies and strategies based on experiences in South Asia. It is the second of the two volumes of books on Financing Clean Energy in Developing Asia produced by ADB.

The amount of climate finance in Africa falls dramatically short of what is needed to implement Nationally Determined Contribution (NDCs) in the region. CPI estimates Africa’s climate finance needs at an average of USD 250 billion annually from 2020-2030, which must be provided by private and international public investors (CPI 2022a).

Green finance flows in India are falling far short of the country’s current needs. In 2019/ 2020, tracked green finance was INR 309 thousand crores (~USD 44 billion) per annum, approximately a fourth of India’s needs.

Direct Benefit Transfer is a major reform initiative by the Government of India to ensure better and timely delivery of benefits from Government to the people.

As developing countries increasingly transition from planning to implementation of their National Adaptation Plan (NAP) processes and nationally determined contributions (NDCs), a growing number have prepared or plan to prepare financing strategies for adaptation.

The report takes stock of India’s current EVs ecosystem and where the sector may be heading in the future, with a focus on drivers of and barriers to investment.

Least Developed Countries (LDCs) are facing increasingly devastating impacts of climate change that are leading to loss and damage (L&D). As LDCs revise their climate action plans known as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), they should provide concrete evidence about L&D.

This publication provides updated statistics on a comprehensive set of economic, financial, social, and environmental measures as well as select indicators for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The report covers the 49 regional members of ADB.

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