Analyzes the implications of a growing natural gas vehicle fleet on the emission benefits of the U.S. HDV “Phase 2” greenhouse gas rulemaking, synthesizing data on upstream emissions, vehicle emissions, and efficiency technology.

On June 19, 2015, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration jointly proposed new standards to reduce the fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions of new heavy-duty vehicles, tractors, trailers, and engines.

As regulatory agencies in the U.S. work on the second phase of heavy-duty vehicle greenhouse gas (GHG) and efficiency standards, one of the key decisions they face concerns the regulatory certification pathways.

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