The maximum benefits of a fleet modernization program can be achieved by conducting a subsidized scrappage program along with early adoption of BS VI standards starting as soon as 2019.

Poor air quality across Indian cities threatens the health of millions, and pollution levels have remained at dangerous levels throughout the last decade. To address the urban air quality crisis, officials have targeted motor vehicles, a major source of pollution in urban areas.

This report presents the manufacturing costs of emission control technology used to meet recent U.S. and European emission standards for heavy-duty diesel engines and vehicles. The costs assessed include both the in-cylinder technologies to control engine-out emissions and the after treatment technologies that act on the exhaust stream.

Accelerated adoption of clean vehicle and fuel policies would save 25 million years of life cumulatively by 2030 and reduce early deaths by more than 210,000 lives in 2030 and the greatest single health gains would occur in China and India by preventing 90,000 early deaths, about 40 percent of the global total. Read more in this new report by ICCT.