The global energy landscape has experienced substantial changes over the last 25 years, with much larger changes potentially in store in the future.

Increased oil and natural gas production in the United States has decreased domestic natural gas prices and global oil prices, with major economic and environmental consequences. The resulting greenhouse gas (GHG) impacts have received substantial attention, with most focus on natural gas and relatively little on oil.

The emissions reductions from the adoption of a new transportation technology depend on the emissions from the new technology relative to those from the displaced technology. Evaluate the emissions reductions from electric vehicles (EVs) by identifying which vehicles would have been purchased had EVs not been available.

The EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) is the world’s largest carbon market and has become a model for market-based approaches to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in other world regions.

A growing literature characterizes climate change damages by relating temperature shocks to GDP. But theory does not clearly prescribe estimable forms of this relationship, yielding discretion to researchers and generating potentially considerable model uncertainty.

Policy makers and utility managers can use a variety of tariff structures to calculate customers’ bills for water and sanitation services, ranging from a simple flat monthly fee to complicated multipart tariffs with seasonal pricing based on metered water use.

Climate change and variability are affecting weather patterns and causing seasonal shifts with serious repercussions for households and communities in Kenya.

There is a growing body of literature on the impact of climate change in Africa. Most studies have concentrated on the impact of climate change on crop and livestock productivity, while other studies have assessed adaptation to climate change.

Several studies have found that taxing vehicle purchase or ownership on the basis of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions reduces CO2 emissions.

Employing hourly data records from 2013 and 2014 in Beijing, investigate the causal effects of vehicle traffic on air pollution.

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