Uncertainty is a common challenge to any long-term planning. This working paper takes stock of how long-term low-emission development strategies submitted to UNFCCC perceive and handle uncertainties, and how scenarios are used to illustrate different pathways that countries may take under uncertainty.

The Nepal Citizens Climate Budget describes the steps the government is taking to manage climate-related financial resources and presents the 2018/19 climate budget.This document is designed to help citizens, CSOs and journalists, as well as people’s representatives and parliamentarians and other policymakers, to understand how the government us

The United States has lost the equivalent of nine Grand Canyon national parks, or 24 million acres (9712455.41 hectares) of natural area, between 2001 and 2017 due to agriculture, energy development, housing sprawl and other human factors, making the country more vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, according to a report.

In recent years, India’s coastal regions have become more vulnerable to multiple risks related to climate change. Intense and more frequent cyclones such as the recent Fani, Gaja and Hudhud as well as severe floods have caused massive devastation to the country’s coastal states.

Coral reefs are one of the most ancient, highly productive marine bio-diverse ecosystems on earth. They are threatened to collapse under rapid climate change. ENSO is an extreme climate change event which elevates sea-surface temperature (SST) of tropical oceans.

The Pacific's low-lying reef islands are likely to change shape in response to climate change, rather than simply sinking beneath rising seas and becoming uninhabitable as previously assumed, new r

An "all-time high" temperature record has been set in the US state of Alaska, despite much of the country sitting in the Arctic circle.

Farming in the shadow of the world's highest mountains has never been easy - and climate change is making it even more difficult.

Increasing temperatures, changing monsoon and more frequent extreme climate events are posing a threat to food security in India.

In the context of agriculture both crop modelling as well as statistical modelling approaches are used to assess climate change impacts. Studies comparing both approaches across developed as well as developing country context find little or no difference in their estimates.

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