During the first Kyoto commitment period, the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) emerged to be a global standard for the global carbon market. Linking developing and industrialized countries in an international cooperation mechanism, it provided a governance and accounting framework for emission reduction efforts around the world.

This report by Wolfgang Sterk, Christof Arens, Florian Mersmann, Hanna Wang-Helmreich and Timon Wehnert analyses the international climate negotiations at the UN climate conference in Durban in December 2011.

In this paper, six developing countries with possible domestic ETS are analysed: Brazil, China, India, Kazakhstan, Mexico, and South Korea. Brazil has set up a stock exchange for voluntary carbon units which may precede a domestic trading scheme. China has made concrete steps towards the creation of regional ETS in various cities and provinces.

This report analyses the international climate negotiations that took place at the 15th Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC held in Copenhagen in December 2009. It lays out the main issues at stake in the negotiations, contrasts divergences in interests amongst negotiating parties, and summarises the results achieved in Copenhagen.

This Paper aims at connecting the need for transport actions in developing countries to the international negotiations on a post-2012 climate change agreement. It outlines the decisions to be taken in Copenhagen and the preparations to adequately implement these decisions from 2013.

This paper presents comprehensive proposals for the post-2012 climate regime: the scale of the challenge, emission targets for industrialised countries, increased actions by Southern countries, financing, technology, adaptation and deforestation. The proposals are based on ongoing research by the Wuppertal Institute.

This article concludes that the outcome of the Bali meeting is insufficient when compared to the nature of the challenge posed by climate change. However, it can nevertheless be considered a success in terms of 'realpolitik' in paving the way for the negotiations ahead, because some real changes have been discerned in the political landscape.