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This paper presents an example of usage of Ensemble Weather Forecast for the control of Satellite-based Communication Systems. Satellite communication systems become increasingly sensitive to weather conditions as their operating frequency is increasing to avoid electromagnetic spectrum congestion and enhance their capacity. In the microwave domain, electromagnetic waves that are conveying information are attenuated between the satellite and Earth terminals in presence of hydrometeors (mostly rain drops and more marginally cloud droplets).

JOHANNESBURG (Reuters) - The South African Weather Service said on Monday that it saw an El Nino weather pattern developing during the region’s winter and spring but it was too early to forecast if

The Montreal Protocol was designed to protect the stratospheric ozone layer by enabling reductions in the abundance of ozone-depleting substances such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in the atmosphere. The reduction in the atmospheric concentration of trichlorofluoromethane (CFC-11) has made the second-largest contribution to the decline in the total atmospheric concentration of ozone-depleting chlorine since the 1990s.

PARIS: The decline in the atmosphere of an ozone-depleting chemical banned by the Montreal Protocol has recently slowed by half, suggesting a serious violation of the 196-nation treaty, researchers

Air pollution is not only injurious to human health, but also to plant life.

A normal monsoon will not only aid agriculture growth but also have a positive impact on the overall rural economy, crucial for the BJP govt as it faces key state elections and general polls in 201

NEW DELHI: Most parts of north India can expect a searing hot summer this year with average mean temperatures remaining more than a degree above normal, the India Meteorological Department said in

NEW DELHI: In line with expectations of an early and hot summer, temperatures in the capital soared to an eight-year high for the month of March on Wednesday, with the mercury hitting 40 degrees Ce

NEW DELHI: In what could be welcome news amid reports of farm distress in several states, there are indications that India could see a normal monsoon even as national weather forecaster IMD is stil

Ocean‐Waves‐Atmosphere (OWA) exchanges are not well represented in current Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) systems, which can lead to large uncertainties in tropical cyclone track and intensity forecasts. In order to explore and better understand the impact of OWA interactions on tropical cyclone modeling, a fully coupled OWA system based on the atmospheric model Meso‐NH, the oceanic model CROCO, and the wave model WW3 and called MSWC was designed and applied to the case of tropical cyclone Bejisa (2013–2014).

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