The researchers investigate the balance between two mechanisms that remove carbon from the atmosphere and oceans over long timescales—weathering of terrestrial silicates and alteration of the ocean floor. We show that this balance should strongly influence atmospheric oxygen concentration, since it dictates the delivery rate of the ultimate limiting nutrient phosphorus to the ocean. Increasing solar luminosity and declining seafloor spreading rates over Proterozoic time are expected to have shifted the balance of carbon removal toward terrestrial weathering.

This new study led by Yuan Wang and published in the latest edition of the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) presents a global multiscale perspective of the climatic effects of pollution outflows from Asia.

Cape Canaveral: Nasa hopes its newest Mars spacecraft lives up to its know-itall name. The robotic explorer called Maven is due to blast off on Monday on a 10-month journey to the red planet.

The effect of anthropogenic aerosols on cloud droplet concentrations and radiative properties is the source of one of the largest uncertainties in the radiative forcing of climate over the industrial period. This uncertainty affects our ability to estimate how sensitive the climate is to greenhouse gas emissions. Here we perform a sensitivity analysis on a global model to quantify the uncertainty in cloud radiative forcing over the industrial period caused by uncertainties in aerosol emissions and processes.

Black carbon (BC) aerosol loadings were measured during the High-performance Instrumented Airborne Platform for Environmental Research Pole-to-Pole Observations (HIPPO) campaign above the remote Pacific from 85°N to 67°S. Over 700 vertical profiles extending from near the surface to max ~14 km altitude were obtained with a single-particle soot photometer between early 2009 and mid-2011. The data provides a climatology of BC in the remote regions that reveals gradients of BC concentration reflecting global-scale transport and removal of pollution.

This new analysis published by the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society links human-caused climate change to half of 2012′s extreme weather.

London: Mars had an oxygenrich atmosphere 4,000 million years ago a new Oxford study has found.

The ozone layer acts like a shield in safeguarding the Earth by preventing the harmful ultraviolet radiations from entering into the atmosphere. Reported damage to the ozone layer in 1985 was a significant milestone in Antarctic science research. The research work played a significant role in generating international socio-political debate on this great environmental crisis.

We investigated the impact of radiosonde data from the ice-free Arctic Ocean obtained by the Japanese R/V Mirai during a cruise in the fall of 2010 on the AFES-LETKF experimental ensemble reanalysis version 2 (ALERA2) data set. The reanalysis used radiosonde data over the ice-free region. Compared with observations, it captured Arctic cyclogenesis along the marginal ice zone, including a tropopause fold, very well.

Washington: Sulphur dioxide emissions from moderate volcanoes around the world can mask some of the effects of global warming by 25%, a new study has found.